What are the types of violence against women?
Violence against women encompasses a subset of family and intimate violence including threatening or actual use of physical, psychological or sexual abuse against a woman by her family members or other intimates. Commonly referenced behaviours included within the broad category of violence against women include: homicide, domestic violence, partner abuse, psychological abuse, dating violence, same-sex violence, spousal abuse, woman battering, elder abuse, courtship violence, sexual assault, date rape, acquaintance rape, marital rape, and stranger rape. Some of the root causes of Domestic Violence include: power and control, growing up in a cycle of violence and abuse, and a distorted concept of manhood.
Are some women more at risk for physical assault than others?
Physical assaults by someone known to the victim are a leading cause of injury to women. In various studies, estimates of assaults on women by partners or cohabitants range from 1.1 million to almost 4 million per year. Some pregnant women are at risk for physical violence inflicted by partners. Based on information gathered in public and private health care settings, estimates of violence directed towards women during pregnancy have ranged from 0.9 to 20.1 percent. Population-based estimates of this problem have not been available. A study among mothers of newborns has show that women whose pregnancies were unwanted were more likely to experience physical violence.
Is violence against women all that common?
Most assaults on women are perpetrated by their partners, and statistics vary because there are no consistent reporting procedures from state to state. Here are some findings from National Surveys:
- One in four women in Nigeria will be assaulted by a domestic partner in her lifetime.
- Domestic abuse is the leading cause of injury to women in Nigeria. It is estimated that between 60 to 80 percent of women treated in emergency rooms are there because of physical abuse by a partner.
- Thirty percent of female murder victims have been killed by their intimate partners.
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